Effect of the Genotype × Environment Interaction on the main Components of Yield in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum .L) in Tlemcen, Algeria.

Bouri Amina, Mahdad Mohammed Yacine, Sidhom Mohammed, Gaouar Semir Bechir suheil

Abstract


As part of the characterization and identification of varieties of chickpeas, we have undertaken prospecting and collection of plant material through the Wilaya of Tlemcen.In the present work two landrace Garbaansa and Bled, were used where the goal was to characterize and analyze the effect of the genotype environment interaction. The analysis of the morphometric data showed that the height of the plant depends in its expression of the genotype × environment interaction, the total number of pods per plant is unique to the genetics of the species and its expression is dependent on the genotype × environment interaction. The number of seeds per pod is a genotype-specific trait that is influenced by the environment and is the result of interaction between the latter two. The size of the chickpea grain is related to the environment, the genotype and the expression of which comes from the interaction of the medium × genotype

Keywords


Algeria; chickpea; genotype x environment interaction; morphometric characterization; Tlemcen

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Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, Earth Sciences and the UniverseUniversity of Tlemcen PO.Box 119,  13000 Tlemcen, Algeria. E-mail: gen.biodv.journal@gmail.com

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