GENETIC DIVERSITY STATUS OF CAMEL’S RESOURCES (Camelus Dromedarius. Linnaeus, 1758) IN ALGERIA.

Derradji HAREK, IKHLRF Hacene, BOUHADAD Rachid, Sahel Hocine, Cherifi Youcef, Djellout Nor Eddine, khelifa chelihi sebti, El Mokhefi M`hamed, Boukhetala khaled, Gaouar Semir Bechir Suheil, Arbouche Fodil

Abstract


In Algeria, the dromedary Camelus dromedarius, remains an important and valuable resource despite the decreasing number of its individuals. The situation of the livestock seems to be enhanced these last years, with the growing demand of camel’s milk and meat. The dromedary is an excellent animal for using local food resources available in arid and semi-arid climates but sadly there are only few studies about it and the scientific progress contributes very little in its breeding cycles. The dromedary populations are so phenotypically Algerian so different that supposes a lot of differentiations on the genomic scale which could be a beneficial advantage in the context of the adaptation to the new environmental conditions.The dromedary has long suffered from the sedentarily of the breeders as well as the bad health conditions. Lately the government has launched economical programs that intend to promote the local animal resources so the situation of the dromedary is getting better, thanks to the support of the government and the benefits behind the dromedary products. We believe that there is a lot to be done yet about the identification of the dromedary genetics. The purpose of the coming efforts are conservation and amelioration of these local resources which has a great impact for the promotion of the Algerian economy


Keywords


Dromedary, Genetic diversity, phenotypic characterization, Arid and semi-arid climates, Conservation and sustainable production

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